Ascomycetes  |  Basidiomycetes  |  Classifications  |  Fruit Body Structure  |  Slime Molds

 
 

 

Basidiomycetes

 

Mushrooms belonging to Subdivision Basidiomycotina produce their spores ON (not IN) specialized cells called 'Basidia, (Basidium).

 

Hymenomycetes

In this group, the Basidia form an exposed layer called 'Hymenium' on the surface of the fruit bodies. The spores are discharged by force at maturity and thus a spore print is obtainable.

  • Agaricales

    The common name for this group is 'The Gilled Mushrooms'. They all have gill like structures on which the Basidia and spores are carried. This group includes many of the most familiar mushrooms like the Button Mushroom and the Field or Horse Mushrooms.

    • Agaricaceae

    • Amanitaceae

      • Amanita muscaria (Fly agaric)

    • Bolbitaceae

      • Agrocybe

        • Agrocybe parasitica

        • Agrocybe praecox (Spring agrocybe)

    • Boletaceae

      • Boletus sp.

    • Coprinaceae

      • Coprinus (Ink caps)

        • Coprinus atramentarius

        • Coprinus comatus (Lawyers wig)

        • Coprinus disseminatus (Fairies' Bonnets)

        • Coprinus sp.

      • Panaeolus

        • Panaeolus rickenii

    • Cortinariaceae

      • Cortinarius

        • Cortinarius alboviolaceus

        • Cortinarius ochroleacus

      • Gallerina & Tubaria 

        • Gallerina mycenopsis

      • Inocybe

        • Inocybe calamistrata (Scaly Inocybe)

    • Entolomataceae

    • Gomphidiaceae

    • Hygrophoraceae

      • Hygrocybe

        • Hygrocybe strangulata

        • Hygrophorous versicolor

        • Hygrophorous viridis

    • Lepiotaceae

    • Paxillaceae

    • Pluteaceae

      • Pluteus

        • Pluteaus umbrosis

        • Pluteus velutinornatus

      • Volvariella

        • Vovariella speciosa

    • Russulaceae

      • Lactarius (Milk Caps)

        • Lactarius fragilis                (Candy Cap)

        • Russula sp.

    • Strophariaceae    

      • Hypholoma brunneum

    • Tricholomataceae

      • Unknown Group

        • Oudemansiella australis

        • Hohenbuehelia podocarpi

      • Armillaria 

      • Asterophora

      • Clitocybe

        • Clitocybe fragrans

      • Cystoderma

      • Laccaria

        • Laccaria tortilis

      • Lentinus & Lentinellus

      • Leucopaxillus

      • Lyophyllum

      • Marasmias & Collyba 

        • Flammulina velutipes

      • Melanoleuca

      • Mycena

      • Omphalotus

      • Omphalina & Xeromphalina

      • Pleurotus

        • Pleurotus opuntiae 

      • Squamanita

      • Tricholoma

      • Tricholomopsis

      • Unknown Group

        • Favolaschia calocera (Orange Pore Fungus)

     

  • Aphylophorales

    This group lacks the spore bearing gills in the Agarics though some have gill like structures. They also lack the veil common in many of the Agarics. The spore bearing surface 'Hymenium' can be smooth, wrinkled, bearing teeth like structures (spine like) or a layer of tubes closely packed together.

  • Dacrymycetales

    • Dacrymycetaceae

      • Calocera fusca

      • Dacryopinax spathularia

  • Tremellales (Jelly fungi)

    • Auricularia lactea

    • Auricularia polytrica

    • Pseudohydnum gelatinosum  

    • Tremella fuciformis  

Gasteromycetes

In this group, the spores are produced inside what is known as a spore case therefore never been exposed to external conditions but rather relying on animals, insects or wind for dispersal. They are not forcibly discharged and thus a spore print is not obtainable.

  • Hymenogastrales 

  • Lycoperdales 

  • Lycoperdales (Puffballs & Earthstars)

    • Lycoperdum compactum

  • Nidulariales ( Bird's Nest Fungi)

    • Crucibulum laeve  (Common Bird's Nest Fungus)

  • Phallales (Stink horns)

    • Clathraceae

      • Aseroa rubra (Flower fungus)

      • Iliodictyon cibarium

    • Phallaceae

  • Podoxales (Pouch fungi)

    • Paurocotylis pila

    • Thaxterogaster porphyreum  

    • Weraroa erythrocephala

  • Tulostomatales

    • Calostoma rodwayi 

 

 

 

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Last Update

 5 Feb 2007

 
 

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