Ascomycetes  |  Basidiomycetes  |  Classifications  |  Fruit Body Structure  |  Slime Molds





This is a VERY large and diverse family!! It's members all have light spore print colours. They do not have a cup or a volva at the base of the stem which is mostly present except a few individuals do lack the stem.

Group: Clitocybe

In this group the caps are sometimes depressed or flat. They all have whitish spore prints. No veil, (ring around the stalk), or volva, (cup at the base of the stem) present. Found mostly growing from the ground but a few grow on wood.


Clitocybe Fragrans

This mushroom was found on the lawn of a house in Havelock North in July, 2000. It seemed to be growing in a ring.

Cap: Soft and looks waxy. Tan or off-white in colour.2-3cm in diameter. Convex in shape when young but then notably depressed in the center.

Gills: Tan or off-white. Attached to stalk and running down it slightly.

Spore Print: White

Stem: Darker in colour than the cap and gills with almost a brownish or reddish tinge. 5mm thick and 2-3cm high.

Edibility: Unknown to me!! Some clitocybes are edible but they are easily confused with other poisonous species and some react with alcohol. So best try something else.

This is a very persistent mushroom, I saw the ring every day for at least three weeks without showing any signs of rotting or deterioration.






Group: Unknown

I am not sure under which group to place these species, they are not necessarily from the same group, but they do belong to this family.


Hohenbuehelia Podocarpi

Found at Te Mata Trust Park in Havelock North in July, 2000. Growing from a small broken and decaying branch.

Cap: 0.5-3cm wide. Fan to bracket like shaped. Upper surface a dirty gray colour and covered in small white hairs. Margin of the cap reasonably

Gills: White. Close together.

Spore print: White. ( see link below )


Stem: Absent.

Edibility: Unknown. (DON'T EAT IT!!)



Oudemansiella Australis

I found this mushroom from February to the end of July, 2000 at Tangoia Falls, Hawkes Bay and Te Mata Trust Park in Havelock North. Grows on dead wood. You can walk right past this mushroom without seeing it, I have usually found it growing high up on dead tree branches. But it is a relatively heavy mushroom and often falls to the ground!! I have also found it on fallen branches

Cap: 8-10cm in diameter but smaller when younger. All white but slightly off-white towards the center.

Gills: Widely spaced, relatively thick and joined by veins. White in colour.

Spore print: White. (See link below, with other pictures)

Stem: Fleshy not hollow. Slightly flattend at the connection with the cap.

Edibility: Unknown. But if it is, we'll find out!!

This is my all time favorite wild mushroom!! There is something about coming across this bright white mushroom in the middle of the bush. Spectacular appearance. 

Not only that, but when backlit by the sun it gives an amazing display, I think this is one of the most photogenic mushrooms around.











Group: Laccaria

Mushrooms in this group grow from the ground or from forest ground littler. No veil or volva, (ring around the stem or cup at the base of the stem). Cap can be centrally depressed but sometimes uplifted. Gills are usually waxy in appearance and joined to the stem.


Laccaria Tortilis

I found this mushroom in a plant bed at work and also in one of our orchards from the lawn, single or in groups. From February to March, and July, 2000.

Cap: 1-2cm in diameter, can be slightly bigger or smaller. A dull reddish brown colour as a whole.

Gill: Thick and widely spaced, slightly waxy appearance. Slightly paler in colour than the cap but still reddish. Joined to stem and running down it.

Spore print: White. (see link below, with other picture)

Stem: Darker in colour than the cap, dark reddish brown. 2mm thick and about 1.5cm high. No ring or volva present.

Edibility: Edible. But as always, you need to be sure of your identification



Group: Marasmius & Collybia  

Some members of this group have free gills while other run down the stem. Spore prints are usually white to off-white. Veil and volva are absent.


Flammulina velutipes (Enokitake Mushroom)

Also called 'Velvet Foot Mushroom'. I found this mushroom growing from dead wood from February to July, 2000 at Te Mata Trust Park in Havelock North.

Cap: 2-10cm in diameter. Orange yellow in colour but darker towards the center. Smooth texture but slimy. Starts off convex in shape but then becomes flattened.

Gills: Pale yellow in colour. Free from stalk or just barely attached.

Spore print: White.

Stem: 3-10mm thick and 4-8cm high. Light coloured at the top but the lower half is a dark browny colour and covered in hairs giving it a velvety appearance, hence the name Velvet Foot.

Edibility: Edible. This is another mushroom that is commercialized and can be bought from some supermarkets at an expensive price. It is grown in a different form having very long stalks and small caps and is sometimes called the 'Golden Needle Mushroom' for this reason.

Click here to see more photos of this mushrooms


Unknown group


This fungus looks like a pore fungus but is actually an Agaric with inflated gills.


Favolaschia calocera (Orange Pore Fungi)

This fungus was quite abundant in Te Mata Trust Park from May through to the end of July, 2000. Growing on dead and rotting wood, also found in the Manawatu Gorge Track!! In large groups.

Cap: Bright orange to yellowish with a relatively bumpy surface, otherwise smooth with no hairs or scales!! About 0.5-3cm in diameter.

Pores: Wide and well spaced, more like holes. Same colour as the cap surface.

Spore print: White

Stem: Very short, 3-5mm long. Laterally joined to cap.

Handling this fungus stains the fingers orange.




Group: Pleurotus


This group mainly grows on wood. Some are parasitic while others are saprophytes. Most have lateral stems that grow out of the host, some better developed than others. This group includes some of the more important cultivated edible species in the world.


Pleurotus Opuntiae

This mushroom seems to be quite common growing on dead cabbage trees,(Cordyline australis) in New Zealand. An exciting edible find if picked fresh (before the maggots get stuck in).
Can be purchased from the supermarket occasionally. (similar species).
Other species (not available in New Zealand) can be quite colorful, some are bright yellow, pink and sometimes gray.
Fairly easy to grow. Quite fragrant. Has a short lateral stem that is tough in texture. 
This is a fairly large growing mushroom to about
30cm cap diameter.
Gills run down the stem. White in colour.








Different people react differently to different mushrooms.

NEVER eat a wild mushroom without being 100% sure it is safe to do so.



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Best Gourmet Mushrooms in New Zealand































Best Gourmet Mushrooms in New Zealand






























Best Gourmet Mushrooms in New Zealand































Best Gourmet Mushrooms in New Zealand































Best Gourmet Mushrooms in New Zealand
































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Last Update

 12 Feb 2007


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